Market update: Saudi Arabia's hospitality sector is booming
Bolstered by easing visa restrictions and new entertainment developments, hoteliers are drawn to the growing markets of Riyadh and Jeddah. Hotelier Middle East investigates
Over the last two years, both Riyadh and Jeddah have been drawing more hotel groups and brands — both local and international – on the back of major infrastructure projects and easing visa requirements.
According to Colliers International, Riyadh’s current hotel inventory includes 119 properties comprising 16,441 keys, while Jeddah’s inventory stands at 92 hotels with 11,276 rooms.
This number is set to increase, particularly in Riyadh, which is currently leading the hotel boom in Saudi Arabia, with 48 projects in the pipeline, followed closely by Jeddah.
The growth is reflected elsewhere too. Nearly 60% of the Kingdom’s construction pipeline of 143 hotels (as of February 2018) was forecast to open this year, according to a Saudi Arabia Hotel Construction Overview report by TopHotelProjects. Riyadh and Jeddah continue to rank highly in the Middle East’s top 10 most active cities for hospitality development, sitting third and fourth respectively, the report revealed.
But growing numbers mean pressure on RevPAR – Colliers data shows year-to-date September 2018 RevPAR was down 3%, due to a drop in ADR, in Riyadh. However, the city also witnessed a 4% increase in occupancy during the same period, highlighting that demand is on the rise.
Jeddah, on the other hand, bucked the trend of most Middle East markets, and witnessed a 9% growth in RevPAR, bolstered by strong ADR growth.
More than MICE
The growth in MICE business has been a key driver of rising tourism numbers. Riyadh is at the forefront of the MICE business, with almost half of all business events hosted in the capital. And while religious tourism will continue to drive hospitality and travel to Saudi Arabia, hoteliers believe new infrastructure developments will help boost numbers.
InterContinental Hotels Group vice president operations Bastien Blanc notes: “Riyadh is quickly becoming an exhibition hub and is home to some of the GCC’s newest entertainment shows and festivals. These developments are unique to Saudi Arabia, and we believe that the country will continue to grow and diversify its touristic offering while maintaining its own identity and DNA.”
SwissBelhotel senior vice president, operations and development for the Middle East, Africa and India Laurent A. Voivenel also highlights upcoming developments, particularly in Riyadh. He tells Hotelier Middle East: “The development of ‘Entertainment City’ southwest of Riyadh, which will include sports facilities, cultural attractions, safari elements and a Six Flags theme park, will help leisure demand— particularly from the domestic sector.
“Coming up also are Mall of Saudi, the Riyadh-based US $3.2 billion project due at the beginning of 2020, and Riyadh Medical Village the $1.5 billion project that will boost the demand for hotels in Riyadh.,” he adds.
The Jeddah market also looks equally promising, especially given its standing as a gateway to Makkah.
The Ascott Limited area general manager, Middle East, Africa and Turkey Vincent Miccolis notes: “Jeddah is the gateway to Makkah and off the back of growing demand in religious travel we see a consistent increase all year round in Jeddah from this. Combining all efforts from the government with religious tourism, domestic tourism and major development projects bringing workforce and tourism alike, the Jeddah market has great opportunity for year-round consistent growth of business.”
While the Jeddah and Riyadh markets continue to attract investment, the market is not without its challenges.
Talent recruitment and management remains a difficult thing and hotel groups compete hard to find and retain the right staff while also meeting Saudisation quotas.
Miccolis explains: “With the increase in Saudisation, there is much more focus on continuous training and motivating staff to become loyal employees that we can develop and grow through the business for the longer term. With more competitors coming into the market, it remains a challenge to have longevity with staff.”
IHG’s Blanc echoes Miccolis’ statement. The group is using its in-house IHG Academy to help with employee training and retention.
Blanc explains: “We are committed to hiring, developing and retaining local talent, and to increase the proportion of the employable workforce. We have a programme called the IHG Academy, which is a pioneering global collaboration between IHG and local education and community providers.”
In addition to recruitment challenges, hotels also have to compete with new entrants in the market, including Airbnb, while catering to changing consumer demand.
Voivenel says: “The pie is shrinking with far too many hotel brands and regional operators. The market is being disrupted by new forms of competition such as Airbnb. Rates are constantly under pressure due to oversupply of rooms, and increasing costs of operations are adversely affecting profitability. Guests’ profiles and preferences are changing too and they are looking for greater value for money along with better quality, greater convenience and unique experiences.
“At the same time new patterns of ownership, finance and management are emerging. Contract terms are swinging in favour of owners who are primarily performance driven and are no longer satisfied with long-term capital appreciation. The bottom line is the yardstick that operators are being judged by.”
According to Colliers, increasing hotel supply will remain a challenge well into 2019, but hotels will see a “gradual uplift” as new demand generators come online.
Colliers head of hotels Christopher Lund says: “Challenging market conditions on the demand side and competition from new supply are the key issues faced currently and over the past number of years by hoteliers in the market. These challenges are expected to remain in 2019, with a gradual uplift expected from an increase in demand generators and facilities such as mega-malls, new leisure attractions, etc. Staffing and attracting talent to choose hospitality as a career in KSA is also a key issue faced by the sector. Over the long term, promotion of hospitality as a career should be a key focus, and will need considerable cross stakeholder support by all those involved in the sector within the Kingdom.”
Despite the challenges, however, hoteliers and consultants remain optimistic that the Kingdom’s diversification strategy will pay off.
Lund notes: “Jeddah is expected to benefit significantly from new visa regulations, especially the Umrah Plus visa, which will allow pilgrims to extend their stay in Saudi Arabia and spend additional time visiting key touristic destinations. The cities in the western area of the country are expected to benefit the most from this initiative.”
Increasing competition and staffing challenges aren’t slowing down expansion plans either, as operators continue introducing new brands in the two markets.
Hilton Worldwide, for instance, will debut the Embassy by Hilton brand with the 250-room Embassy by Hilton Riyadh King Fahd Road in 2019.
The first Nobu Hotel in Saudi Arabia is also expected to open in Riyadh in early 2019, pushed back from its original opening date in 2015.
IHG will also continue expanding its presence in Jeddah and Riyadh. Blanc tells Hotelier: “Saudi Arabia is central to our expansion plans in the Middle East and we have more hotels in the pipeline in Riyadh including three hotel openings in the coming two years and we are also looking at bringing our new brands to the market.”
The country has also hired a new “tourism visionary”, Gerard Inzerillo, to spearhead the development of its new historical and tourism assets. Inzerillo will oversee the restoration of Diriyah and the development of new museums, academic institutions and edutainment facilities, as well as resorts, restaurants, wellness facilities and high-end retail in a 7.1 million m2 development in Riyadh.
The MICE business also remains important. According to Colliers, MICE business in the Kingdom grew by 17% in 2017, with more than 4.5 million attendees at 10,000 business events.
The uptick is also reflected in pipeline figures, which show no signs of slowing. As Lund notes: “In Riyadh, the branded upcoming supply planned for Q4 and 2019, is approximately 5,500 hotel keys; for Jeddah, the figure is estimated to be 2,000 hotel keys.”
Whether the new tourism incentives pay off remains to be seen, but hoteliers are clearly eager to get in on the action.