2017 Market Update: Fierce competition in Kuwait's hospitality market
Competition in Kuwait's hospitality industry is heating up as developers ramp up the number of hotel projects in the country
It might not be one of the most populous countries in the Middle East, with a mere 2.2 million residents, but Kuwait still manages to draw in some of the largest names in the regional and global hospitality industries. Last year, Hilton introduced two brands at The Avenues Mall in Kuwait City, and this year saw Four Seasons open its property in the country.
It is hardly surprising that hoteliers want in on the action where Kuwait is concerned, especially as the country is expecting 570,0000 international visitors by 2027, up from a 2017 visitor forecast of 368,000. But while a bright future is predicted in terms of visitor numbers, a closer look at hotel performance indicators for over the last year reveals a different picture.
TRI Consulting’s associate director for the Middle East, Chris Hewett, citing data from the HotStats survey, notes that while the country’s branded four- and five-star hotels have seen a 2.4% increase in occupancy, to 53.3% for the first seven months of the year, average room rate has fallen by 6.7% year-on-year, to US $221.1, resulting in a 2.1% revenue decline in revPAR, which stood at US $117.8.
Hewett says the country’s hospitality scene is “unique” among those in the GCC, adding that the hotel market has historically seen low occupancy levels but high average room rates (ARR), and strong profitability levels. This is largely driven by a rate agreement put in place by Kuwait Hotel Owners Association (KHOA) — a cartel formed by the owners of Kuwait’s four- and five-star hotels, which sets minimum rates for hotels participating in the agreement.
“In the current market, the agreement is considered critical for hotels to maintain the rates, revenues, and profitability, given the level of current and future supply of hotels within the relatively small market. However, this is not considered sustainable in the long-term and the market is likely to see further pressure on performance levels unless the growth in demand maintains pace with the growth in supply,” he asserts.
Looking beyond today’s numbers, however, hotel developers are still interested in investing in Kuwait. Industry onlookers believe this has to do with the forecast of a dramatic rise in visitor numbers.
According to the World Travel and Tourism Council’s 2017 report on the country, leisure travel spending generated 76.6% of direct travel and tourism GDP in 2016, a figure forecast to rise by 2.1% in 2017 to KWD 1.3m (US $4.32m), and 4.1% per annum to KWD 1.98m (US $6.57m) in 2027. The main airport is presently undergoing a US $4.3bn expansion to accommodate the additional traffic that the government anticipates the country will see over the next few years. By 2025, the airport will be able to accommodate up to 25 million passengers.
In response, the Kuwaiti government and private sector have invested significantly in revamping the backdrop, introducing projects such as the Kuwait Towers, and the Sabah al-Ahmed Sea City — the transformation of a rundown salt marsh into a fully functioning city, with marine environments and beaches, which is set to house 250,000 residents in the near future. Other projects include the Kuwait Olympic Village in Jaber Al-Ahmed City and cultural attractions such as the Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Islamic Centre, which is due to open in 2020.
“We believe that the growing investments from the private sector, coupled with improved government spending, will result in the implementation of many of the ongoing projects, leading to a growth in tourism demand in the country in the coming years,” asserts Hewett.
The hospitality sector has also responded, driving up the number of hotel openings in the country to meet demand. Existing players have had to sharpen their offering to ensure they stay ahead of the competition.
A 284-room Four Seasons hotel opened earlier this year. Located in Burj Alshaya’s 22-storey Eastern Tower, it features indoor and outdoor pools, a spa, yoga studio, a ballroom, and banqueting rooms. Didier Jardin, general manager of the Four Seasons Hotel Kuwait Burj Alshaya, says: “We strongly believe there is increasing demand for luxury hospitality experiences perfected by excellent service and warm and welcoming staff. As we have found in other Gulf countries, guests in Kuwait now demand travel experiences that are authentic, shareable, and truly unique, which requires a real sense of genuine hospitality that is attuned to guests’ needs.”
Swiss-Belhotel recently entered into a management agreement with Omniyat Real Estate to operate two properties in Kuwait: Swiss-Belboutique Bneid Al Gar and Swiss-Belresidences Al Sharq, both scheduled to open in 2018. The 58-room Swiss-Belboutique will target both business and leisure travellers, while Swiss-Belresidences is aimed at business travellers and will comprise 68 rooms.
“The steady growth of tourism in Kuwait, with a vision to welcome 440,000 visitors annually by 2024, is fueling demand for quality hotels,” agrees Laurent Voivenel, Swiss-Belhotel’s senior vice president (SVP) of operations and development for the Middle East, Africa, and India. “The government is making huge investments in enhancing tourism infrastructure, as well as developing new leisure and lifestyle attractions. It is the perfect time for us to enter Kuwait — the country is evolving into a multi-faceted destination with the development of diverse attractions for both corporate and leisure visitors.”
The hotel development scene doesn’t look to be slowing anytime soon. This summer, InterContinental Hotel Group and Kuwaiti business conglomerate Bukhamseen Group, announced an exclusive agreement for the latter to build and operate IHG hotels exclusively in the state of Kuwait. The agreement will see IHG expand its brand portfolio and hotel footprint across the market. IHG currently operates three hotels in Kuwait in partnership with Bukhamseen Group — Crowne Plaza Al Thuraya City, Holiday Inn Al Thuraya City, and Holiday Inn Salmiya.
IHG’s chief operations officer (COO) for Asia, the Middle East, and Africa, Alan Watts, said in a statement that the deal would allow it to continue its endeavour to “deliver great guest experiences” to those visiting Kuwait for either business or leisure.
While heavy investment into developing the country’s backdrop continues, however, and hotel developers responding by bringing more hotels online, the question is whether existing players are worried about the stiffening competition.
Voivenel asserts: “Competition is always good, and is a key driver for higher levels of innovation, service, and quality, which in turn boost the market.”
And it’s not just the leisure tourists that hoteliers need to be impressing. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, 60-70% of the country’s tourism demand comes from business travellers, mainly driven by the government sector, and this customer base is becoming far more discerning when it comes to quality and value in a hotel offering.
Four Season’s Jardin says that while convenience and efficiency are a priority of their stay, business travellers are also seeking out luxury. To address this need, he says, the Four Seasons Hotel Kuwait at Burj Alshaya echoes its surroundings with art and architecture that takes inspiration from the local cultural traditions, offering even its short-stay business travellers an element of luxury.
Pascal Gauvin, COO IMEA at IHG, points out that a unique selling point of its portfolio of hotels is that each brand is somewhat customised to cater to a different need. Talking specifically about its business clients, Gauvin says: “Our Crowne Plaza brand recognises the needs of business travellers to have the highest productivity, business-ready spaces [accessible] 24/7 in order to stay connected with their associates around the world. The Crowne Plaza properties, therefore, offer tailored products and services that help today’s business travellers work, rest and get energised.”
Hoteliers in Kuwait do appear confident in their offering and, as a result, seem unfazed by what they believe is a short-term dip in ARR and RevPAR decline. The overriding belief among most of the industry is that it needs to be putting the wheels in motion today for the surge of visitors Kuwait anticipates will arrive in the future. The World Travel and Tourism Council says that travel and tourism investment in Kuwait is set to grow by 1.5% per annum over the next 10 years, to US $445m annually in 2027.
Announcing the launch of its first InterContinental-branded property, the InterContinental Kuwait Downtown, IHG’s Gauvin says the group is looking forward to increasing its growth momentum in the country.
“This progression translates into increased opportunities for the hospitality sector, and we see immense potential in the market for us to continue expanding our footprint.”